Violence, Terrorism and Jihad; Looking into Terms and Concepts - 15 / 7 / 2009 - 5:07 am

The author of this book, Basheer AlBahrani, tries to define these three terms and compare them to the general values in order to clear any historical or political confusion by consulting the recent Islamic concepts.

Albahrani introduces the three terms; violence, terrorism and  Jihad, which, recently, cause an international controversy especially after  the attacks of 9/11 which killed and injured many innocent people. Yet, the US Government make use of this incident combined with the empathy of the whole world to distort the great values of Islam and brain wash all these people who were ready to absorb whatever  the USA government Dictates them; therefore, they mixed the meaning of jihad, original Islamic term, with terrorism and violence which both were, unjustly, referred to Islam, and the peaceful image of prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and his companions was changed to a horrific brutal image.

The author says that this is the American-Zionist Equation; putting jihad , violence and terrorism in the same hand to get red of those people who sacrifice their life for the sake of humanity. So, if you are a Mojahid or a Muslim, you must, also, be violent and terrorist, but if you are not Muslim, you are, surly, a pigeon of peace and you have never heard of the words violence and terrorism. Then, Albahrany explains that some Muslims think that committing violence to spread the notion of Islam is called Jihad which means that God call for it. Yet, this lead us to think that these type of people do not understand the true Islam or they have a weak logic to persuade others of their theories; because in Qur'an there is a verse were Allah says, "There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path". This means that every human being is doomed to reject and resist any attempt to impose, by force, ideas and thoughts upon him/her.

Violence in Arabic dictionaries and prophets narrations state that it is a kind of harshness the opposite of kindness which does not necessarily cause killing and the like; even if it extended to hitting and cursing; but it is the way that leads to all other prospects. However, nowadays, people think that violence resembles terrorism or they are the same yet the author declares that every terrorist is violent but not the vice versa.

The definition of terrorism is frightening and terrifying . But after the Septembers' attacks the term became controversial and got broader meanings to the extent that, recently, it has no one international fixed definition. Some countries seized the opportunity to get rid of its own enemies such as what the US government did to eliminate the Talban group; killing, terrifying and displacing people in the name of Anti-Terrorism War. Today, the US government accuses Arab Countries of terrorism which means that whatever  the USA does, it is not considered as terrorism; this is the American definition of terrorism. But, the author states a reasonable definition for terrorism which is: severe violence that extends to committing homicide,  genocide and massacre. Albahrani , also, declared that no country has the right to impose its personal definitions and practices.

The definition of Jihad in Arabic is derived from a word means spending too much effort in resisting something. So it is not confined to fighting the enemy in a military sense but it has other nonmilitary dimensions such as controlling yourself not to follow its whim; however, this  has a higher level in Islam; therefore,  it is the one we should discuss to figure out all the misinterpretations and confusions between jihad, violence and terrorism.

Islam dispraise violence and terrorism but stresses on the importance of Jihad in many verses of Qura'an . Here we will tackle the type of jihad that means attacking infidel enemies and aggressors because this type of jihad was adjoined with violence and terrorism which is a huge mistake because Islam rejected violence and terrorism, Jihad has great targets and no Jihad without reasons.

It is enough to read one of the Prophet Mohammad(PBUH) Hadiths; narrations,  in which he orders his followers, at war, not to main the corpses, cut trees and  kill elderly , children and women.

Take into consideration that Jihad is not a random action, it is restricted by conditions and reasons; one of which is self defending. It is not possible that a group of people attacks another group with guns and the whole world ask the last one to keep silence. It is, also, unreasonable that a group of people occupy other groups' land and start killing them, while the whole world ask the oppressed group to forgive and give more chances; therefore, Jihad is  nothing but  a defense means that has very virtual targets excluding  fulfilling the desire of terrifying people and committing violent actions. Moreover, Islam limits the armament Jihad to some critical cases and prefers settling  peace over any other options.  Allah says in Quran "But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allâh. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower" Anfal /61. On the other hand, Allah, also, says "And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery, etc.) to threaten the enemy of Allâh and your enemy, and others besides whom, you may not know but whom Allâh does know. And whatever you shall spend in the Cause of Allâh shall be repaid unto you, and you shall not be treated unjustly" Anfal /60; in this verse  Allah orders his worshipers to do a precaution procedures by possessing military weapons to horrify their enemy but not to attack them which means showing the enemy their weapons to be scared, yet give up any attempt to start a war. But, Allah does not want anyone to use this verse in a wrong way so he proceeded by saying "But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it" Anfal /61, which means that he wants to restrict the first verse so that no one could use this precaution to do other forbidden practices.

• Book:" Violence, Terrorism and Jihad; Looking into Terms and Concepts"
• Author: Basheer Albahrani
• Publisher: Alhadi Publishing House
• Year of Publish: 2003
• Pages:86