Sheikh Fawzy AlSaif
Recently, Sheikh Fawzy AlSaif, a prominent Shiite religious leader, discussed the issue of Shiites' allegiance and affiliation which is occasionally raised. He said that it is claimed that Shiites' allegiance is not for their nations; but it is for their sect and religious authorities or for nations with the same doctrine.
AlSaif named some affiliations that every human being adopts like race, language, family, religion, nation and political system. He referred to the three affiliations which are out of the individual's choice, and he/she is born with them; they are race, language and family. As for the other three affiliation; religion, nation and political system, he said that they are optional and changeable despite conditions and laws.
He explained the individual's relationship with different affiliations, and how it varies from type to another. He said, for instance, that human beings are usually very attached to his homeland, and feel that they are obligated to defend it, but they do not feel the same way toward the political system of their nation.
On the other hand, political opposition does not mean disloyalty to the nation. Political opposition may be even necessary to preserve the nation if the ruler was oppressive or was not working for the nation's interests, as AlSaif believes.
Sheikh AlSaif mentioned that every relationship between an individual and a certain affiliation has its conditions and determinants; especially between the citizen and the governor. If each party attained its rights, they are obligated to carry out their duties.
He raised the question over Shiites' loyalty, and explained the purposes and the claimed reasons of such accusation. He stated that some people claim that Shiites made some political movements that made the political system suspects their loyalty, and, now, they need to make actions and adopt stands in order to make the political system trust them again.
AlSaif said that "obviously who adopts this claim assumes that there is a reasonable justification for suspecting Shiites' loyalty to their nation, and they have to work hard to be trusted again". On the other hand, who disagree with such claim believes that it is an oppressive stereotyping and generalization, and it is not unfair to hold all Shiites the responsibility of what some of them did.
Sheikh Fawzy AlSaif, also, discussed the second claim which is "Shiites are committed to religious authorities from other states which means that their allegiance is not for their nation". He explained that all followers of different religious sects whether Islamic, Christian or else refer to their religious authorities regardless of their states, and that does not mean that s are disloyal to their nation.
He indicated that some people believe that the claim of Shiites' disloyalty to their nation is just a process of distraction to keep them busy in proving their citizenship. Others, AlSaif said, believe that it is a preceding accusation to prevent Shiites from discussing the issue of sectarian discrimination, and provide political systems the opportunity to ignore political negotiation with Shiites. Moreover, this accusation legislates the policy of alienation and marginalization against who are claimed to be loyal to Iran. Accordingly, Shiites are considered disloyal, and deprived from their rights of citizenship as well as their religious freedom, equality before the law and fair political participation.