People everywhere and in every time look for applying social justice and constituting a balanced community that adopts respecting human rights, public freedoms, the dominance of law and equality for all. "Social Justice in the Holy Qur'an" is a distinctive book by Sheikh Abdullah Alyousif in which he explores several concepts related to justice and equality.
Alyousif confirms the significance of justice in Islam, and indicates that prophets' mission was to introduce people to their creator and to enforce justice. He mentioned several definitions for the term justice referring to the best one of them; granting every matter its right place, which is by Imam Ali bin Abu Talib. He says that justice includes equality between all human beings in all rights, and has several equivalents that were all mentioned in Qur'an.
The writer explores the meaning of oppression, then, indicates the three types of oppression as it is divided by some Muslim scholars. He refers to some examples, which were mentioned in Qur'an, of oppressive communities that were entirely destroyed.
Sheikh Alyousif explains the concept of social justice. According to the Qur'anic view, it is protecting public rights of a community and individuals, fair distribution of wealth between people, equality in opportunities, providing essential necessities rightly and respecting spiritual and financial rights of human beings.
He states that justice is a significant principle in Islam; it even allows starting wars for eliminating oppression. He believes that justice can not be entirely achieved without social justice.
The author names three essential pillars of social justice. Those pillars are equality between people, fair distribution of wealth and respecting human rights.
As for equality between people, Sheikh Alyousif declares that Islam rejects discrimination between people on the basis of color, race, sex or religious affiliation. All people are equal in duties and rights, and are equal before the law. The author quotes some examples from Qur'an that reject giving privileges to a group or to an individual.
Alyousif considers fair distribution of wealth as one of the most significant pillars for social justice. He mentions that fair distribution of wealth is based on applying two principles; taking care of vulnerable individuals in the society especially poor people, and adopting equality between workers of the same qualifications or poor individuals without favoring a sect, religion, language, race or a sex on another.
Moreover, he stresses the necessity of respecting human rights and protecting them from being violated in order to achieve social justice. The author indicates several human rights that were mentioned in Qur'an like the right to life, the right of freedom of choice, thought and expression, the right of ownership and many other human rights.
Sheikh Alyousif confirms that human beings can not attain their full spiritual and financial rights without an integral social justice.