Atyaf Publishing and Distribution House released a book titled "Under Coexistence" by Eissa AlEid. In this book, AlEid presents a group of his articles which were published in some newspapers and websites and which tackle the issue of coexistence and promotion of dialogue culture and tolerance.
In the first article, the writer points out that Islam urges peaceful coexistence with other people of different religions or orientations. He indicates that Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and Muslims lived with Jews and Christians in Madinah, and Islam prohibited disputing with them as long as they were peaceful.
The author, in the second article, ensures that openness and dialogue with different groups are Islamic values, and confirms that they are the way for the communities’ stability culturally, intellectually and socially.
In the following article which is titled “National Unity and Doctrinal Diversity”, AlEid mentions that national unity cannot be achieved without mutual trust and avoiding questioning allegiance of different groups. He emphasizes that ideological and doctrinal differences do not legitimize alienating others or accusing them of betrayal.
“Under Coexistence” is the fourth article in the book in which the writer stresses the necessity of mutual respect between different Muslims’ sects, and believes that coexistence does not mean giving up the peculiarities of the sect.
As for the article “Islamic Love”, the writer states that love is an Islamic value which must be promoted in order to strengthen the society. He insists that differences are for forming integral concepts and viewpoints and not for disputing.
In the next article, AlEid mentions that reformers are always confronted with severe opposition in their communities because of their different orientations that are contrary to the usual, and refers to a couple of factors that prevent reformers from achieving the goals. Adhering to one’s opinion and rejecting reformers is one of them and people adopting this attitude confront reformers by all means to stop them or they step aside and wait for the results.
In the seventh article which is titled “Ramadhan and Abandoning Hatred”, the author indicates that this month is must be considered a huge opportunity for rejecting disputes and promoting tolerance between different groups.
“Despicable Slur Does Not Dissuade Reformers; Fadhlallah as an Example” is another article in which the writer says that there are people, since long time ago till now, who direct despicable slur against reformers to prevent them from achieving any goals. He mentions that Prophet Mohammad was accused of being crazy and a wizard, and Imam Ali was accused of not performing the obligatory prayers by the Umayyads, then, refers to Sayyed Mohammad Fadhallah as one of the contemporary reformers who had suffered for implementing reforms.
As for the ninth article which is titled “A Human Being’s Value”, AlEid wrote that selfishness leads to the regression as well as divisions, hatred, enmity and tyranny. He emphasizes that a human being’s value is represented in what a person gives, and societies would be in better conditions through giving and abandoning selfishness.
In the tenth article, the author stressed that education is the basis for political stability which cannot be achieved without mutual trust between the government and the society and public participation.
However, in the following article, he cites that Muslims went through two revolutions during the last fourteen centuries; they were delivering the message of tolerant Islam by Prophet Mohammad and fighting corruption by his grandson Imam Husain. He believes that the third one would be by Imam AlMahdi in which he will achieve justice, defeat corruption and eliminate discrimination.
The author, also, presents his views on “Real Freedom”, and ensures that Islam is keen on promoting this value regardless of the diverse doctrines while, in the thirteenth article, he stresses the importance of openness, interaction and respecting each other’s sanctities. In the next article, Eissa AlEid states that promoting the culture of human rights is the way to dignity for all human beings.
The last three articles are reviews of books by Sheikh Hasan AlSaffar over sectarianism, openness and unity. The writer indicates that Sheikh AlSaffar in his book “Sectarian Dilemma and National Responsibility" introduces several reasons causing troubles in any unstable society. Shiite citizens must present their issues properly and be open and concerned in national matters.
AlSaffar, in his book “Openness between Interests and Obsessions", speaks about three significant factors; openness, rapprochement and unity, for respecting and protecting the rights of all social groups. He, also, ensured the importance of performing the congregational prayers with Sunnis in order to show unity and harmony.